Malaysia Country Overview

The data below provides a quick overview of #Malaysia.

Basics
1 Population
  • 30,513,848 (July 2015 est.)
2 Land area
  • total: 329,847 sq km
  • land: 328,657 sq km
  • water: 1,190 sq km
3 Capital
  • Kuala Lumpur
Economy
4 GDP Per Capita
  • $26,300 (2015 est.)
5 Distribution of family income – Gini index
  • 46.2 (2009)
6 GDP composition, by sector of origin
  • agriculture: 8.9%
  • industry: 35%
  • services: 56.1% (2015 est.)
Social
7 Urbanisation
  • urban population: 74.7% of total population (2015)
  • rate of urbanization: 2.66% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
8 Unemployment
  • 2.7% (2015 est.)
  • Youth unemployment: 10.4% (2013 est)
9 No. of population below poverty line
  • 3.8% (2009 est.)
Environment
10 Natural resources
  • tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
11 Land use
  • agricultural land: 23.2% (arable land 2.9%; permanent crops 19.4%; permanent pasture 0.9%)
  • forest: 62%
  • other: 14.8% (2011 est.)
12 Environmental issues
  • air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest
    fires

Background Info

During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula except Singapore formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore, as well as Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo, joined the Federation. The first several years of the country’s independence were marred by a communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore’s withdrawal in 1965. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to the development of manufacturing, services, and tourism. Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Razak (in office since April 2009) has continued these pro-business policies. Malaysia assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2015-16 term.

Note 1: Data in this page is extracted from The World Factbook because of their comprehensiveness covering all countries in the world, for the ease of data comparison. Free usage of this data is permitted,click here for more information.

Note 2: The information above was accessed on August 23, 2016. The country page on The World Factbook for Malaysia can be accessed here.

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