Finland Country Overview

The data below provides a quick overview of #Finland.

1 Population
  • 5,498,211 (July 2016 est.)
2 Land area
  • total: 338,145 sq km
  • land: 303,815 sq km
  • water: 34,330 sq km
3 Capital
  • Helsinki
4 GDP Per Capita
  • $41,100 (2015 est.)
5 Distribution of family income – Gini index
  • 26.8 (2008)
6 GDP composition, by sector of origin
  • agriculture: 2.9%
  • industry: 26.9%
  • services: 70.2% (2015 est.)
7 Urbanisation
  • urban population: 84.2% of total population (2015)
  • rate of urbanization: 0.5% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
8 Unemployment
  • 9.4% (2015 est.)
  • Youth unemployment: 20.5% (2014 est)
9 No. of population below poverty line
  • N/A%
10 Natural resources
  • timber, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, chromite, nickel, gold, silver, limestone
11 Land use
  • agricultural land: 7.5%
    arable land 7.4%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0.1%
  • forest: 72.9%
  • other: 19.6% (2011 est.)
12 Environmental issues
  • air pollution from manufacturing and power plants contributing to acid rain; water pollution from industrial wastes, agricultural chemicals; habitat loss threatens wildlife populations

Background Info

Finland was a province and then a grand duchy under Sweden from the 12th to the 19th centuries, and an autonomous grand duchy of Russia after 1809. It gained complete independence in 1917. During World War II, Finland successfully defended its independence through cooperation with Germany and resisted subsequent invasions by the Soviet Union – albeit with some loss of territory. In the subsequent half century, Finland transformed from a farm/forest economy to a diversified modern industrial economy; per capita income is among the highest in Western Europe. A member of the EU since 1995, Finland was the only Nordic state to join the euro single currency at its initiation in January 1999. In the 21st century, the key features of Finland’s modern welfare state are high quality education, promotion of equality, and a national social welfare system – currently challenged by an aging population and the fluctuations of an export-driven economy.

Note 1: Data in this page is extracted from The World Factbook because of their comprehensiveness covering all countries in the world, for the ease of data comparison. Free usage of this data is permitted,click here for more information.

Note 2: The information above was accessed on August 23, 2016. The country page on The World Factbook for Finland can be accessed here.

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