France Country Overview

The data below provides a quick overview of #France.

1 Population
  • 66,836,154
    note: the above figure is for metropolitan France and five overseas regions; the metropolitan France population is 62,814,233 (July 2016 est.)
2 Land area
  • total: 643,801 sq km; 551,500 sq km (metropolitan France)
  • land: 640,427 sq km; 549,970 sq km (metropolitan France)
  • water: 3,374 sq km; 1,530 sq km (metropolitan France)
  • note: the first numbers include the overseas regions of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion
3 Capital
  • Paris
4 GDP Per Capita
  • $41,200 (2015 est.)
5 Distribution of family income – Gini index
  • 30.1 (2013)
6 GDP composition, by sector of origin
  • agriculture: 1.7%
  • industry: 19.3%
  • services: 79% (2015 est.)
7 Urbanisation
  • urban population: 79.5% of total population (2015)
  • rate of urbanization: 0.84% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
8 Unemployment
  • 9.9% (2015 est.)
  • Youth unemployment: 23.2% (2014 est)
9 No. of population below poverty line
  • 8.1% (2012 est.)
10 Natural resources
  • metropolitan France: coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorspar, gypsum, timber, arable land, fish
  • French Guiana: gold deposits, petroleum, kaolin, niobium, tantalum, clay
11 Land use
  • agricultural land: 52.7%
    arable land 33.4%; permanent crops 1.8%; permanent pasture 17.5%
  • forest: 29.2%
  • other: 18.1% (2011 est.)
12 Environmental issues
  • some forest damage from acid rain; air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions; water pollution from urban wastes, agricultural runoff

Background Info

France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. It plays an influential global role as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, NATO, the G-8, the G-20, the EU, and other multilateral organizations. France rejoined NATO’s integrated military command structure in 2009, reversing DE GAULLE’s 1966 decision to withdraw French forces from NATO. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier, more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion – became French regions and were made part of France proper.

Note 1: Data in this page is extracted from The World Factbook because of their comprehensiveness covering all countries in the world, for the ease of data comparison. Free usage of this data is permitted,click here for more information.

Note 2: The information above was accessed on August 23, 2016. The country page on The World Factbook for France can be accessed here.

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