Spain Country Overview

The data below provides a quick overview of #Spain.

1 Population
  • 48,563,476 (July 2016 est.)
2 Land area
  • total: 505,370 sq km
  • land: 498,980 sq km
  • water: 6,390 sq km
    note: there are two autonomous cities – Ceuta and Melilla – and 17 autonomous communities including Balearic Islands and Canary Islands, and three small Spanish possessions off the coast of Morocco – Islas Chafarinas, Penon de Alhucemas, and Penon de Velez de la Gomera
3 Capital
  • Madrid
4 GDP Per Capita
  • $34,800 (2015 est.)
5 Distribution of family income – Gini index
  • 35.9 (2012)
6 GDP composition, by sector of origin
  • agriculture: 2.5%
  • industry: 22.7%
  • services: 74.8% (2015 est.)
7 Urbanisation
  • urban population: 79.6% of total population (2015)
  • rate of urbanization: 0.52% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
8 Unemployment
  • 22.5% (2015 est.)
  • Youth unemployment: 53.2% (2014 est)
9 No. of population below poverty line
  • 21.1% (2012 est.)
10 Natural resources
  • coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, lead, zinc, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower, arable land
11 Land use
  • agricultural land: 54.1%
    arable land 24.9%; permanent crops 9.1%; permanent pasture 20.1%
  • forest: 36.8%
  • other: 9.1% (2011 est.)
12 Environmental issues
  • pollution of the Mediterranean Sea from raw sewage and effluents from the offshore production of oil and gas; water quality and quantity nationwide; air pollution; deforestation; desertification

Background Info

Spain’s powerful world empire of the 16th and 17th centuries ultimately yielded command of the seas to England. Subsequent failure to embrace the mercantile and industrial revolutions caused the country to fall behind Britain, France, and Germany in economic and political power. Spain remained neutral in World War I and II but suffered through a devastating civil war (1936-39). A peaceful transition to democracy following the death of dictator Francisco FRANCO in 1975, and rapid economic modernization (Spain joined the EU in 1986) gave Spain a dynamic and rapidly growing economy and made it a global champion of freedom and human rights. More recently the government has focused on measures to reverse a severe economic recession that began in mid-2008. Austerity measures implemented to reduce a large budget deficit and reassure foreign investors have led to one of the highest unemployment rates in Europe. Spain assumed a nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council for the 2015-16 term.

Note 1: Data in this page is extracted from The World Factbook because of their comprehensiveness covering all countries in the world, for the ease of data comparison. Free usage of this data is permitted,click here for more information.

Note 2: The information above was accessed on August 23, 2016. The country page on The World Factbook for Spain can be accessed here.